Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring
Nursing is defined by caring. At Redlands Community Hospital, nursing has
embraced the theory of Jean Watson’s Caring Science. Caring Science
helps us to embrace the positive energy that flows from an integrated
mind, body and spirit and is mutually rewarding to both the patient and
the nurse. Forged by the vision of Florence Nightingale who asserted that
the “role of a nurse is to put her patient in the best position
to be able to self-heal”, nurses are optimally positioned to be
the heart of healing. By actively engaging in caring through
authentic presence and
intentionality, the nurse is able to optimize her patient’s ability to heal from within.
How do we as nurses maintain emotional sensitivity and caring attitudes
in an over-stressed and demanding workplace? Jean Watson contends that
caring regenerates life energies and
potentiates our capabilities. The benefits are immeasurable and promote self-actualization
on both a personal and professional level. Caring is a mutually beneficial
experience for both the patient and the nurse, as well as between all
health team members. In addition, it is important to remember that Watson
emphasizes that we must care for ourselves to be able to care for others;
self-healing is a necessary process for rejuvenating our energy reserves
and replenishing our spiritual bank.
Be the difference that makes the difference. It’s what you say and do, and how you
say and do it. Caring, safeguards and affirms our humanity. It unveils
our true thoughts, feelings, and attitudes and allows us to live more
authentically in our relationships. Caring improves patient outcomes and
customer satisfaction. It is contagious and infuses caring-energy into
others. It invokes awareness and intuition. It is positive and inspirational.
It is the wonder-glue of enduring relationships and human connectedness.
Caring is what makes Redlands Community Hospital a special place!
- Excerpt from 2011 Nurses’ Day Celebration
Lauren Spilsbury, RN, MSN
Nurses at Redlands Community Hospital have selected Jean Watson’s
Theory of Human Caring (Theory of Transpersonal Caring) as the foundation
for their nursing practice.
According to Watson (1997), the core of the Theory of Caring is that “humans
cannot be treated as objects and that humans cannot be separated from
self, other, nature, and the larger workforce.” Her theory encompasses
the whole world of nursing; with the emphasis placed on the interpersonal
process between the care giver and care recipient. The theory is focused
on “the centrality of human caring and on the caring-to-caring transpersonal
relationship and its healing potential for both the one who is caring
and the one who is being cared for” (Watson, 1996).
The structure for the science of caring is built upon ten carative factors.
- Embrace: Altruistic Values and Practice Loving Kindness with Self and Others
- Inspire: Faith and Hope and Honor Others
- Trust: Self and Others by Nurturing Individual Beliefs, Personal Growth
- Nurture: Helping, Trusting, Caring Relationships
- Forgive: and Accept Positive and Negative Feelings – Authentically
Listen to Another’s Story
- Deepen: Scientific Problem Solving Methods for Caring Decision Making
- Balance: Teaching and Learning to Address the Individual Needs, Readiness
and Learning Styles
- Co-Create: a Healing Environment for the Physical and Spiritual Self which
Respects Human Dignity
- Minister: To Basic Physical, Emotional and Spiritual Human Needs
- Open: to Mystery and Allow Miracles to Enter